An important role in shaping public opinion during the interwar period was played by the press. At that time there were many magazines for women presenting various world views and attitudes. They discussed all top issues, which is why they could not ignore the subject of emancipation. The themes of the clash between traditional and modern ideas as well as of women boldly crossing borders formed in f ront of them proved interesting and popular. Calls for women to ‘return to their natural surrounding’ and make space for men who were coming back from the war appeared alongside reports on women’s achievements in the f ields which until then had been reserved only for men. After 1918 a modern girl and a modern woman were an important part of the press debate during the interwar period, although modernity was defined in different ways depending on whether the magazine presented a more liberal or traditional outlook.