Coins, roots and liqueur – Poznań Jews
Usually, merchants of various nationalities settled in Poznań only for some period of time. The situation was different in the case of Poznań Jews. For centuries they constituted the biggest, next to the Poles and Germans, community in the city. It is possible that the first Jews came to Poznań soon after the city had been founded.
Already in the 11th century they would strike coins in ducal mints. This is how, from the very beginning, their activity was connected to financial operations. Duke Bolesław the Pious, one of Poznań’s founders, granted them the famous Kalisz Privilege (1264), which allowed them to trade freely, ordered them to give fair loans and banned others from persecuting them.
Rudolf Petersdorff’s fashion house in the Old Market Square, from the collection of the University Library