The golden age of Poznań trade
From the moment of its foundation, Poznań has played an important role in trade. However, it reached its full potential in the 15th and 16th century. What helped the city were numerous trade privileges granted by rulers. Moreover, Poznań mediated in trade between Western Europe, Russia and Lithuania. At the same time, the city was situated midway between the wealthy port in Gdańsk and the lands in Silesia, Czechia and Austria.
This crucial location contributed to the fact that Poznań was visited by merchants from all over the world. A special time for such encounters were Poznań fairs. There was one for each season: in spring – an Easter fair, in June – a Midsummer fair (which is still organised today) as well as St Michael’s fair in September and St Lucy’s fair in December. Apart from these, there were also market days organised once a week.
The Old Market Square and the City Hall on the market day, a lithograph by W. Kurnatowski based on a drawing by W. Baeseler, 1841-1846. From the collection of the Municipal Monument Conservator, cyryl.poznan.pl